Nagasaki is in the southwest of Japan on the island of Kyushu and includes several islands between Kyushu and South Korea. Mountains on one side and the sea on the other creates an environment of breathtaking natural beauty. The prefecture is full of historical, traditional, and cultural experiences. Knowledge from Asia and Europe flowed to and from Japan via Nagasaki. The Port of Nagasaki City was vital during Japan’s period of national isolation in the 1630s. During this time, it was the only place in Japan that was open for trade and cultural exchange with visitors. This history created a blend of Japanese and world cultures visible today in the region’s fascinating food, art, architecture, festivals and events.